Act Of Worship

Path Karna popularly known as worshipping in the Sikh Faith. Reading from Dhan Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji & smaller and fragmented version of pious thoughts of our teachers popularly known as Gutkas.

Meditation or simran is one of the fundamental philosophy of sikhs rosary beads are normally used to meditate or do simran WAHEGURU. (innumerable times)

God's Name or Naam popularly known in punjabi is the creator of everything. All Divine light & wisdom takes birth from Naam.

Every Sikh prays & meditate God's name which is known as Naam laina & what every sikh prays for blessings of Naam over them which is known as Naam Dena. It is a well known belief & also justified in gurbani that by taking Lords Name (Waheguru) ego vanishes.

"Waheguru Gur Mantar Hai, Jap Haumai Khoee."

This was meditation, now let us discuss two main kinds of worship.

1) Individual Worship
2) Congregational Worship.

1) Individual Worship: This worship can be performed at any place which is quiet & peaceful. The daily routine known as Nitnem contains the path or the hymns from the holy book (Dhan Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji)

Japji Sahib, Jaap Sahib & Tav Parsad Sawaiyas are recited in the morning along with chaupai and anand sahib with the conclusion of ardas.

Rehraas Sahib & ardaas is recited after the sunset.

Before going to bed Sohila Sahib or Kirtan Sohila is recited. These selection of hymns is called gutka which is normally wrapped in a cloth & kept in a safe place or this act of nitnem is done from holy Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji.

2) Congregational Worship: Congregation gathers in a Gurdwara (Guru's door) which is the central place of worship for all. The creator of Miri Piri Dhan Sri Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji created the concept of Gurudwara. It was built at the places of the five Guru birth & preaching places normally earliest at the time of first five Gurus, Sikh place of worship were known as Dharamsalas, where people of all religions and castes used to gather around one place for communal worship. The first of its kind was established at Kartarpur Sahib by Guru Nanak Dev Ji.

Congregation (Sangat) + Worship (Kirtan) + Communal Meal (Langar) + Serving others (Sewa)
= Dharamsala + Guru Granth Sahib Ji = Gurdwara (Now-a-days)

All the above mentioned concepts of congregation, kirtan, langar & sewa are the epitomes of Sikh Religion.

There is general pattern of Sikh Service which is undertaken in every gurdwara which are autonomous institutions (except historical gurdwaras which commemorates come events in the history) made by sikh communities locally run by their respective committees who are answerable to the local sangat only.

The ceremonies in the gurdwara begins with Asa Ki Vaar. Then hymn singing known as kirtan is done. Then conclusion is declared by the recital of ardas by teh reader of scripture (Granthi). After ardas the randomly selected shabad or hymn is narrated in the sangat which is the divine order of the day (Hukamnama). Then sanctified food (Karah Parshad) is distributed to the sangat (congregation) which is the symbol of equality & fraternity. Then at almost all the places langar (communal meal is served.

This ends teh procedure of congregational worship.

The auspicious & most memorable days related to the 10 Gurus, sikh martyrs & Dhan Guru Granth Sahib itself commonly observed Gurpurabs, Birthday of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, Birthday of Guru Gobind Singh Ji, Martyrdom day of Guru Arjan Dev Ji, Martyrdom day of Guru Tegh Bahadar Ji.

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